FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

“The use of pure perfume creates a renewal like bathing does.  It is transporting, refreshing, and uplifts the human heart.

APOLOGUE 

How CAN I evaluate your perfume prior to purchasing a bottle?

SCENT DOTS 

Scent Dots let you experience the fragrance itself.  

They give you a good idea how the fragrance will perform if you wear it on ANIMAL-FIBER CLOTHING or in SCENT JEWELRY

The Scent Dot will retain the fragrance for at least 3 weeks, (often a couple months), giving you plenty of time to intimately know the perfume.

TIPS FOR SCENT EVALUATION

Open the packet and and let it breathe (keeping the packet open to air) for about 15 seconds to allow the alcohol to evaporate.  This gives you an accurate first impression.

Smell the it every 1-2 hours for the first day.  For the next several days smell it a few times per day.  Thereafter, smell the scent every day.  The scent will unfold, transform, and eventually fade, but v-e-r-y slowly.

FLIGHT 

If you wear perfume on your SKIN, purchase a Flight before purchasing a bottle to know how it interacts with your chemistry.  

Every perfume interacts differently with each person’s individual body chemistry, the condition of the skin, ambient conditions, and activity. 

TIPS FOR SCENT EVALUATION

Apply the perfume to a moister area of skin such as where the inner forearm meets the top of the forearm (on the thumb-side of your arm).  This helps the fragrance to not be mechanically rubbed off in activity, as would be the case on the inner arm or wrist. 

Wait for the alcohol to evaporate — until the area feels and looks dry. 

Smell every 5 minutes for the first 15 minutes and every 15 minutes for an hour.  Then every 30 minutes for another hour.  Finally, smell the fragrance at least once per hour for as long as you can smell the perfume.  You don’t have to be exact.  You get the idea.

 

A NOTE ABOUT THE VIVID COLOR OF NATURAL PERFUME

The color or pigments of natural perfumes come from the plants themselves.  We recommend that you apply the perfume and let it dry before dressing to avoid staining lighter colored clothing.

EXPERIENCING THE SCENT

Your first fragrance perception will be the “top notes” or “head notes”.  They dissipate the quickest, soon revealing the “middle notes” or “heart notes”, which last a moderate amount of time.  Finally, the “base notes” or “tail notes” will fully break through, and will last the longest amount of time.  The total time that this process takes and the stages it goes through can vary from perfume to perfume.   However, some perfumes smell mostly the same from beginning to end.

Try out your fragrance on at least two different days.  Environmental and personal conditions change daily.  It will create little differences.  

EXPERIENCING THE ENERGY AND FEEL

Notice the pleasant sensations in your body, emotions, nerves, and thought.  Notice how the perfume changes the way you feel — the before and after.  The changes are range from subtle to distinct. 

Some people will immediately notice the energetic shift.  For some there is a short lag and then they notice.  Either way, the shift is very smooth so be aware that it’s easy to be tricked!!  Think of it as being in a plane running down the runway and taking off.  But you never feel the liftoff!  At some point, you just realize you’re airborne. 

Notice what it does for you!   Stay observant and watch yourself and others around you.  You may be surprised at the interesting and meaningful things that happen in the days and weeks ahead as you wear the perfume.  You may end up circling back to reread the details about your perfume.

How do i wear natural perfume?

There is a famous quote attributed to Coco Chanel.  When asked where one should wear perfume, her reply was, “Wherever you want to be kissed!”.  A fabulous thought, right?  This was a racy remark for her day, not to mention excellent marketing, which Chanel was known for.

Of course, if you’ve ever tasted perfume, you have already realized that you want to do the opposite of what she advised.

Then there’s the ubiquitous advice, “Wear it on your wrist-pulse-points”.  That is okay for synthetics but naturals have their own best practices:

THE OPTIONS

ON YOUR CLOTHES

Natural animal fibers such as wool, alpaca, and cashmere, (even human hair) hold scent especially well.  

1-2 sprays will be plenty and will last days to weeks and sometimes longer.  Spray only your darker colored clothes that won’t be negatively affected by the pigments in natural perfume.  When in doubt, spray a part of the inner garment first.  An animal fiber sweater, scarf, coat, hat, or blazer are all perfect candidates.  

WITH SCENT JEWELRY

Spray your perfume on a small bit of natural animal fiber and tuck it into the jewelry housing.  

If you are a person who talks with your hands, imagine a scent ring.  Move a lot?  Scent earrings are amazing.  A scent necklace, laying on your skin, will capitalize on both heat and air movement to disperse the perfume. 

ON YOUR SKIN

Apply your perfume anywhere on the body that is exposed to air and where the skin is naturally moist.

Wear it on low-contact areas.  For example, the thumb-side of your wrist as opposed to the inner wrist, where the skin is less likely to be in friction with your clothes or other inanimate objects like a desk.

To increase longevity, prime your skin by using lotion, balm, cream, or body oil prior to spraying on perfume.  However, the perfume will wear  closer to your skin as a result.

We find that taking a moment to reapply your perfume later in your day is useful and enjoyable.  Our travel size roll-on perfumes easily tuck into a purse, desk, or pocket for a refreshing, enjoyable, and discreet “reset”.

ON YOUR HAIR???

Controversial.  We do it ourselves and love it, but many consider it too drying.  Natural perfume, on average, does not have extreme longevity.  Wearing it on hair greatly extends the life of the fragrance — and has its own nice feel.   Those with fragile hair, or if concerned, should experiment first or wear the perfume in the other ways listed.

Spray about 10-12 inches away from your hair to disperse the spray, avoiding your eyes.  Personal enjoyment is best when sprayed on locks that are at or below your ear lobe.  Men, also try your lower beard, sideburns, and exposed body hair.  Women with longer tresses with a lot of swing will have an enjoyable experience if spritzing the hair at collarbone level.  Spritzing on the crown is great for heat dispersion.  You will not enjoy it as much but anyone taller than you or above you certainly will!   As movement occurs, the intensity changes and as it falls closer to you body, the heat will make the perfume bloom more.

THE VARIABLES

PHYSICS

There are many factors that affect your perfume’s longevity and diffusiveness — temperature of the ambient air, wind, humidity, how dry or moist your skin is, how hot you are, perspiration, where you wear your perfume, how fast your skin “drinks” the perfume, and olfactory fatigue.

Relatively, natural perfumes are often but not always less diffusive.   It is quite variable.   There a relative few naturals that will fill a room.  Naturals shine in discretion, avoiding rudeness, and not being invasive.  If you are looking for high impact in an outdoor crowd, your surest bet is to wear a synthetic perfume. 

BODY CHEMISTRY

An individual’s body chemistry interacts with perfume.  Famously, to better or worse effect.  If “worse”, remember, you can wear it in a non-skin way.

Also, skin “drinks” the perfume and/or its individual ingredients at varying rates of time and amount, by individual.  The fats in your skin and the volatile oils in the perfume have an affinity for each other and some of the perfume will be pulled into your circulation.  That absorbed amount is thought to be about 10% (+/-) based on extrapolations of other research.

OLFACTORY FATIGUE 

This is the medical term for the mechanism in your brain that will shut off conscious awareness of any odor after constant exposure to it for about 20 minutes.   You will think your perfume is a dud but you’ve been fooled.  The way to refresh your conscious awareness of your perfume is to go outside, smell a different aroma, or drink an aromatic beverage, and you will again smell your perfume. . . for about 20 minutes.  

Other ways to wake up your perception is to change odor intensity.  Inhale more forcefully and with more focus, move the air, get your nose closer to the source, or apply more.

How can I best store and preserve my perfume?

UNDERSTANDING THE FACTORS THAT NEGATIVELY AFFECT PERFUME’S CHEMISTRY

AIR
Oxygen oxidizes.  It breaks down or changes the molecules in your perfume over time.

TEMPERATURE
Heat speeds up the normal chemical changes that occur over time and will decrease the original character of perfume more rapidly.

Unstable (highly variable) temperatures in the environment will have a especially negative effect on the chemistry.  For example, kitchens, bathrooms, or near intermittent space heaters .

LIGHT
Some perfume ingredients degrade faster in light but most do not because they are not reactive with the wavelengths of light that manage to get through the glass.  They are actually protected by the glass.  However, intense light also heats the perfume and is to be avoided to decrease the rate of chemical aging.  Average, low-level indoor light may work against your perfume but more slowly.  Of course, low or no light is best but practically speaking, few of us will store a perfume in a location that isn’t easily accessed.  Consider the light intensity multiplied by time.

TIME
All of the above, multiplied by time (aging)

SOLUTIONS TO CARE FOR YOUR PERFUME

Store perfume in stable room temperature.  Cooler places with less light are best.

Many ingredients in natural perfume have an amazingly long shelf life.  The base notes often improve with age.  However, the top notes, (the lightest notes that greet you first), dissipate sooner and later, some middle notes degrade.  This doesn’t mean that you won’t still enjoy your perfume but it will gradually change in character.  Sometimes for the better.

As any perfume ages, it can become more sensitizing.

Overall, the simple fix is to buy a smaller quantity that you will use within a year or two, or switch to a non-skin method of wearing.

What about health concerns?

ALLERGIC REACTIONS OR SENSITIVITIES ARE POSSIBLE

There is a good chance that you will not have the reactions and sensitivity problems associated with synthetic products.  However, that cannot be assumed. 

If you have concern about allergies, irritation, or sensitivities,  perform a 24-hr. skin patch test prior to widespread use:  Apply a small amount of perfume on a moist area of your arm.  Watch it over 24 hours.  If redness or other irritation occurs, wash the area with plenty of soap and water and discontinue the use of that perfume or other product.

Try wearing your perfume on dark colored, animal fiber clothing or in scent jewelry, or other non-skin option if skin sensitivity is your issue. (See “How Do I wear Natural Perfume” on this page.)

If you have a tendency to develop respiratory distress be prepared to get fresh air if needed.  If you use an inhaler for pre-existing respiratory issues, have it handy to be used as directed if by your physician directed — if needed.   

Some of the perfume materials we use can make your skin more sensitive to the sun (Sun Sensitivity).  If you anticipate having significant sun or sunlamp exposure, it is best to not wear our perfume on exposed skin.

Generally, discontinue use of perfume that is older than 2 years old or switch to wearing it with non-skin options.  Buy in smaller quantities.  Any perfume can become more problematic as oxidation increases over time.

IF YOU ARE NURSING OR PREGNANT OR PLAN TO BE

You may use our perfume quite safely if you wear it in scent jewelry or on clothing.  We do not recommend exposing yourself to heavy amounts such as would be the case if you were a perfumer.  Moderation is the key.

Consult a qualified physician before topical use of any perfume or any other chemical, especially in the first trimester and when trying to become pregnantOther chemicals that are even more critical to avoid all together (if you don’t know their chemicals are safe) include products for yard care, farming, cleaning, professional use, personal care, and drugs of any kind.  As one Harvard-trained MD said, “If you can’t eat it, don’t put it on your skin”. (Some essential oils may be taken internally but not if you don’t know what you are doing or if you are pregnant.)

Why do we stress caution during pre-pregnancy and early pregnancy?  Because the primary formation of the baby takes place in the first 3 months.   It is the most delicate time.  If you are trying to get pregnant, you do not know when you will conceive and begin the first 3 months.

For worried parents-to-be, natural perfume is not your greatest threat [by far].  These precautions are a blanket statement.  While most natural perfume ingredients in folklore and [some] science, are said to be acceptable during pregnancy, a few are not.  The dose, (the amount over time) of that aromatic or isolate is what you would need to be aware of.  Because that is not possible in most purchased products, it is best to wear your perfume in a non-skin way, or abstain, or content yourself with a modest amount of single-note fragrance that has been approved for pregnancy by your qualified health care provider.

DO NOT GET PERFUME IN YOUR EYES OR ON OTHER MUCOUS MEMBRANES  

It will cause irritation and may cause damage.  Mucous membranes are your eyes, inside your nose, mouth, throat, and genital-anal area.  To clarify, there are safe ways to use natural aromatics orally for health reasons but that is another matter, and one to be taken up with a qualified health care provider, educated in aromachology or clinical aromatherapy.

KEEP PERFUME OUT OF THE REACH OF SMALL CHILDREN

Little children have been known to drink perfume.  Although our ingredients are generally regarded as safe when used as directed, they are not intended for oral consumption, especially if an entire bottle were to be consumed.  The amount (dose) in the tiny body of a small child is of concern.   Ingesting a few sprays is quite unlikely to harm a child, but we warn against taking a risk.  Serious harm is unlikely.

Children can accidentally spray their eyes or those of another child.  

They might take the perfume near high heat (a fire hazard). 

Or, they may break the glass and cut themselves.  Etc.

To where can you ship?

We ship to the United States and its territories.  Your perfume contains alcohol, so it is required to ship “Surface Only” (by boat or ground), which takes 5-8 business days once shipped, occasionally more. 

Shipping is complimentary. 

What Are The Standards For Using The Term, "Natural"?

Standards vary by organization.  The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) defines natural, raw perfume materials as being obtained from plants through physical means of extraction, distillation or expression. If the materials are made in a lab to be “nature identical” (bio-identical) or are synthetically modified, altered, reconstituted, etc., the ISO states that they cannot be described as “natural”.

The International Fragrance Association (IFRA) declares natural aromatic raw materials to be those as defined by ISO norm 9235 and substances that are isolated from them by purely physical means. In summary, natural aromatics are made by physically extracting the volatile fractions from plants without chemically altering them.

Other agencies state that natural, aromatic raw materials are considered to be essential oils and their fractions, isolates, resins, distillates, extracts and volatile concentrates, with the exception that Absolutes are not included.

Still other entities believe that organic or pesticide-free plants must be part of the definition.

In the US, the FDA has nothing more than a policy, defining what the word “natural” means on a label: 

“Although the FDA has not engaged in rulemaking to establish a formal definition for the term “natural,” we do have a longstanding policy concerning the use of “natural” in human food labeling. The FDA has considered the term “natural” to mean that nothing artificial or synthetic (including all color additives regardless of source) has been included in, or has been added to, a food that would not normally be expected to be in that food. However, this policy was not intended to address food production methods, such as the use of pesticides, nor did it explicitly address food processing or manufacturing methods, such as thermal technologies, pasteurization, or irradiation. The FDA also did not consider whether the term “natural” should describe any nutritional or other health benefit.”

Unfortunately, in the world of sales the term “Natural” means next to nothing because it is widely used deceptively.   Read the following sections to learn more about the natural materials we use, what they truly are, and decide for yourself what you think.

WHAT Raw Ingredients do YOU USE?

At Apologue, we use: Absolutes, CO2’s, Tinctures, Essential Oils, Fractionated or Rectified Oils, Natural Isolates that are not bio-synthesized, and Natural Undenatured Perfumer’s Alcohol.    We usually use organic Grain Alcohol, but may also use organic Grape, Sugar Cane, or other Specialty Alcohols that are all food grade.

These ingredients are extracts from raw, natural materials including Herbs, Spices, Citrus, Woods, Conifers, Leaves, Grasses, Roots, Rhizomes, Moss, Fungi, Aquatic plants, Resins, Flowers, Mineralics, and Animalics.

On average, 90% of any given perfume is organic.

 

Read “ARE APOLOGUE PERFUMES CRUELTY FREE?”, on this page, below.

 

WHAT ABOUT CONSERVATION AND SUSTAINABILITY

BIODEGRADABLE PERFUME

Our perfumes will safely biodegrade. 

There are some extremely long-lived molecules that we use but these have not been shown to cause any health problems.  Quite the contrary.  They have been shown to benefit physical, mental, and emotional well-being.  They fight many kinds of disease.  

Importantly, all molecules/chemicals in our perfumes are found in nature and are compatible with nature.

On average our products are 100% natural.  They are 90% organic on average and never less than 85%. 

TOXICITY TRANSPARENCY

One breath of city air contains vastly greater amounts of toxins than in a years worth of our perfume, used daily.  Present in minuscule trace amounts are the following: 

Pesticides from conventionally grown source-crops.

A large percentage of perfume materials are not available in organic.  This is changing in the right direction, but we’re not there yet.

Hexane from the extraction method used to create Absolutes. 

These materials include the world’s most beautiful floral aromatics.  We feel they are indispensable to our perfumes.  Thankfully, there is a new, hexane-free solvent,  just coming into use that solves the problem.  Apologue will switch to using these new materials as they become available.

PACKAGING FOOTPRINT

When we originally created our packaging, we made an effort to minimize our footprint.  Here is how: 

Our luxury box was made to be reused or recycled. 

    • The box-back label peels off cleanly. 
    • The tray insert comes out with a strong, steady, twist-pull-pry action. 
    • Some boxes have glossy box-bottom paper that peels off cleanly, if desired
    • Reuse as a gift box or a “treasure box”.  Hint:  Little (and big) girls love pretty boxes.
    • The non-recyclable tray was created so that the perfume safely ships without peanuts or bubble wrap, lowering the size/energy to ship.

Our bottles can be reused or recycled. 

    • The 3ml roller-ball housing will pop out of the bottle neck by pushing sideways and slightly up at the top.  The ball is easily popped out.  The full set is washable and can be reused for refills.
    • The 15ml and 30ml bottles – reuse ideas:
      • charming bud vases
      • container for liquids or small solids – use a cork to reseal 

SPRAY SET REMOVAL PROCEDURE (Not recommended if you do not have the right tools and protective gear.  Do this at your own risk.)

      • Patience, gentleness, and baby-steps are the key.
      • Wear thick leather gloves during the procedure.  (It is possible to break the glass, leaving a razor-sharp edge.)
      • First, remove the spray head. 
      • Then grasp the top rim of the collar with a needle-nose pliers to pull straight up just a tad.  Repeatedly do this, working your way around the collar.
      • This creates a small space to insert a strong knife-edge under the bottom edge of collar.  Gently pry up a little.     Shift the position of your knife a tiny bit and repeat the “gentle-pry-up-action”, working your way around the collar in this fashion.  Repeat the action, going around the circumference again, and yet again until a sufficient gap is opened to . . .
      • Then use a c-clamp / jaw-style pliers that have a claw-bite action to grasp the collar under the bottom edge on both sides and gently pull straight up.  The collar will easily give way and come off.   
      • The remaining, non-recyclable, plastic spray-set is then easily lifted out of the bottle.  
What Is The Difference Between Threatened or Endangered?

THREATENED

The plant has become increasingly scarce in the wild, potentially threatening the species. 

It puts us all on alert to be cautious.  We should more closely monitor the seriousness of the status of the plant, or if needed reverse the negative trend through moderating use or to seek alternatives and so on.

 

ENDANGERED

The plant is getting close to being on the “critically endangered list”.  In other words, it is time to put the brakes on its use before it is so critically scarce that extinction of the species may be at risk. 

In this case we should all cease to buy or use products made from that plant in a concerted effort to help prevent its extinction. To lose species is a loss to us all and imbalances the environment.  The loss to future generations, possibly in medical cures is incalculable.

 

NUANCES AND CONFUSION

Reports found on the internet about “threatened” or “endangered” species may be misleading:

Regarding specific plant species with a very a specific scent profile that only grow in a specific geographical area:

When these plants are endangered, put on the brakes, period.   An example is Sandalwood, specifically from the Mysore region of India.  It is endangered and we should all avoid its use.  On the other hand, Sandalwood from plantations in other areas of the planet are well-managed and are perfectly responsible to use. 

Is the Sandalwood from Mysore more beautiful?  We think so.  But here is a lesson for humanity:  The other Sandalwood is still very beautiful.  It is enjoyable enough.  Humanity must learn to be mature about this.  Do we really want to ‘lust’ a plant to death?

Some endangered species lists can be inadvertently misleading. 

For example, a plant may indeed be endangered in one area of the planet but be abundant in the wild in another area, or under cultivation somewhere else.

 

HOW TO KNOW

You must either do your own research or trust your perfumer to source responsibly.

A good source to visit for up to date information on all species, not just plants, is the IUCN Red List.

 

IF APOLOGUE USES AN AROMATIC FROM AN ENDANGERED SPECIES, YOU MAY ASSUME:

We are tapping our stock of beautifully aged materials, purchased long before the plant was placed on the endangered species list

or

We are using materials that are in healthy supply from an abundant location and are not truly threatened or endangered

or

We may have missed a problem.  If so, please let us know.

Are Apologue Perfumes Cruelty Free?

Apologue is “animal testing and cruelty-free”.  We support changes in our global system that start with recognizing that animals are sentient beings, capable of great suffering and with no way to voice their pain.

Apologue had to make the decision to remain silent on this claim – or if we made the claim, to ensure that you knew what it really meant:

Regarding Animal Testing

In the US, by law, all materials intended for human consumption, including all-natural perfume materials, at some point must be tested on animals by researchers to prove the designation “GRAS”, or “generally regarded as safe”.  

When a perfume business claims “no animal testing” that merely means that no testing is done in that business.   That is to say, every perfume-related company, except those bringing a totally new aromatic to market, does not need to do testing of any kind.

So, this claim is little more than an announcement of a political stance or addressing customers who are unaware of the way the system works (but are trying their best to do good).  If you are against animal testing, your efforts must be spent on animal farms, scientific methodologies, and governmental policy makers.  Your average perfume company has zero to-do with the matter.

Regarding Animal Cruelty

Not engaging in animal cruelty is simple to claim when the perfumery uses only botanicals.  If the perfumery uses natural animalic fragrances the claim becomes more important to understand.

Apologue uses “found” animalics, which means that the animal left the aromatic substance behind and someone literally found it.

We also use animalic materials that are verified to be from areas where the overpopulation of the animal is causing devastating environmental effects.  (Loss of natural predators or non-native species transplanted.)  When relocation is not feasible and culling the animals is a critical and unavoidable solution, we find no ethical dilemma in using animalics derived from them.

Other animalics that we use are extracted from sustainable, cultivated, raw materials such as beeswax or dairy products.

Natural Musk and Civet are not purchased on the open market at this time because of uncertainties surrounding reports of animal mistreatment and possible endangerment.  If a method of collecting “found” Musk or Civet develops, we would use them.  In such a situation, jobs are created for “collectors”.  This kind of sustainable harvesting is an incentive to protect these animals in the wild.  A win for all.

Synthetic perfumes use lab-made “animalics” in substitution, clearly a winner for animals such as the Musk Deer or Civet Cat.  Yet to our nose, the real thing cannot be matched.

__________________

Overall, animal cruelty is quite a complex issue.  There may be exceptional circumstances that give the appearance of cruelty when in fact there is none.  There are times when one moral requirement conflicts with another.  But indeed, there are many obvious and needless reasons that animals suffer.

Apologue makes these twin claims because we avoid contributing to negative consequences for animals within a reasonable, contextual framework.  We support the kind care of animals in any circumstance and support the preservation of their habitat.

What Is The Difference Between Natural and Synthetic Isolates?

The definition of an isolate is “a chemical substance in an uncombined or pure state”.  Put another way, they are individual molecules, rather than a compound of two or more molecules.

Natural Isolates are molecules made by natural plants and extracted by man. 

So-called “Natural Isolates” are bio-synthesized from an unrelated carbon source material, often proprietary or undisclosed.

Synthetic Isolates are always chemically engineered by man from a secondary, unrelated carbon source material, usually petrochemicals. 

Of the “natural isolates” there are two broad categories:

    1. Extracted” natural isolates are separated from the whole aromatic oil, made by and extracted from a plant.  This is like separating cream or whey from whole milk.
    2. Bio-synthesized“, so-called “natural isolates”, are obtained through an intensely manipulated, organic reaction process or fermentation of a carbon-source material (oil and other) by replacing dangerous chemicals with genetically modified microbes.  These fermentation processes are not to be confused with the kinds of fermentation that creates yogurt, cheese, or sauerkraut, etc.   Nonetheless, they are designated as “food-safe”.  The processes to make them are energetically dissimilar to that used by plants. 

       

Of the synthetic isolates there are two broad categories:

    1. Bio-Identical” synthetics are modeled after natural molecules.  They are largely or wholly chemically the same as found in nature but not necessarily perfectly identical, as in the case of Vanillin.  The process to make them is energetically dissimilar to plants or nature.  However, these are relatively safe molecules.
    2. Not Found In Nature” synthetics are foreign to nature.  These include molecules that have been proven to be harmful to the environment, human health, and animal health.  They are not naturally found in the body of man.

One can easily get into the weeds on what is safe and what is not.   One can try to “out-natural” the next guy.   One chemist doggedly advocates for naturals.  The next chemist will run isolated tests and call it proof of safety.  Perhaps it is best to choose moderation.  It is, after all, one of our inner powers.

No small part of our choice to use of naturals boils down to our love for their beauty.  We’re hooked.  

Apologue uses Natural Isolates that are made by nature and extracted by man. 

 

More about isolates can be found under “Our Ingredients

Disclaimer

A disclaimer to any statement on this website that might be construed as health advice:

The reader should assume that the information on this website is educational or opinion opinion only and seek medical advice from an appropriate physician about their health care decisions and treatment.

Have other questions not answered here? Contact us and we will be happy to help!